Life is suffering
The Buddha taught there are three main categories of dukkha
- dukkha-dukkha Suffering or physical, emotional and mental pain
- viparinama-dukkha Anything that is subject to change, like happiness, succes etc.
- samkhara-dukkha dependent on, or affected by something else
Dukkha is one of the three marks of existence, namely dukkha (“suffering”), anatta (not-self), anicca (“impermanence”).
Buddha (600 – 400BC)
Both Hinduism and Buddhism emphasize that one overcomes duḥkha through the development of understanding.
Hinduism emphasizes the understanding and acceptance of Atman (self, soul) and Brahman, while Buddhism emphasizes the understanding and acceptance of Anatta(Anatman, non-self, non-soul)